Original Viewpoints or elements of composition:

  • Space
  • Shape
  • Time
  • Emotion
  • Movement
  • Story

Viewpoints added by Anne Bogart:

  • Spatial Relationship
  • Kinesthetic Response
  • Repetition, Gesture
  • Architecture
  • Tempo
  • Duration
  • Topography

The elements of composition above are all very useful when building parameters for improvisation.  The system outlined is great, but you can use them in multiple ways to bring focus to a specific element.

︎︎︎from Mary Overlie, Anne Bogart and Tina Landau

︎︎︎see also The Viewpoints Book by Bogart & Landau